LIVER CANCER AND HEPATITIS

What is primary liver cancer?
There are two types of cancers found in the liver: (1) Primary liver cancer which originates from the liver, and (2) Secondary liver cancer which originates in other parts of the body and spreads to the liver.


Hepatitis is a medical condition defined by inflammation of the liver. Many illnesses can cause inflammation of the liver, along with various organs. However, hepatitis primarily attacks the liver itself, e.g., Types A, B, C, D, E - though the most common are A, B, and C.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS?

1. Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
2. Dark urine
3. Extreme fatigue
4. Nausea
5. Vomiting
6. Abdominal pain

HOW DO PEOPLE CONTRACT HEPATITIS?

Hepatitis A and E - through the consumption of contaminated food and water
Hepatitis B - through infected blood, semen and other body fluids
Hepatitis C - mostly through blood
Hepatitis D - an additional infection in the presence of B

According to the World Health Organization, most persons fully recover, but a small proportion can die from acute hepatitis. It is estimated that approximately 1.4 million people die each year from the various forms of viral hepatitis.

CAN HEPATITIS BE PREVENTED?

Yes, by doing the following:

1. By eating only safe food and water
2. Vaccinations
3. Avoiding unsafe sex
4. Don’t share drug needles
5. Get tested
6. Don’t share personal items – such as toothbrush, razors and nail clippers (the person
you are sharing them with might be infected)

ARE THERE TREATMENTS FOR HEPATITIS?

For Hepatitis A, B, and C - yes. Plenty of rest, abstention from drugs and alcohol, and if deemed medically necessary, anti-viral agents should do the job.

However, for Hepatitis D and E, there is no available treatment.
 

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