Dehydration

 March 10, 2016 state weather bureau PAGASA said, “The country may experience record-breaking heat in coming months”. They also noted that the highest temperature in the country this year 38.6 degrees Celsius was recorded in General Santos City on March 1.

With EL Niño phenomenon still threatening the Philippines, heat-related conditions also threatens Filipinos this summer time of the year. One of them is dehydration.

Dehydration is when you use or lose more fluid than you take in, and your body doesn't have enough water and other fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you don't replace lost fluids, you will get dehydrated.

Other conditions that may lead to dehydration:
Diarrhea, vomiting. Severe, acute diarrhea — that is, diarrhea that comes on suddenly and violently — can cause a tremendous loss of water and electrolytes in a short amount of time. If you have vomiting along with diarrhea, you lose even more fluids and minerals.
Fever. In general, the higher your fever, the more dehydrated you may become. If you have a fever in addition to diarrhea and vomiting, you lose even more fluids.
Excessive sweating. You lose water when you sweat. If you do vigorous activity and don't replace fluids as you go along, you can become dehydrated. Hot, humid weather increases the amount you sweat and the amount of fluid you lose. But you can also become dehydrated in winter if you don't replace lost fluids.
Increased urination. This may be due to undiagnosed or uncontrolled diabetes. Certain medications, such as diuretics and some blood pressure medications, also can lead to dehydration, generally because they cause you to urinate or perspire more than normal.
Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of dehydration range from minor to severe and include:
Increased thirst
Dry mouth and swollen tongue
Weakness
Dizziness
Palpitations
Confusion
Fainting
Inability to sweat
Decreased urine output
Urine color may indicate dehydration. (dark yellow or amber)
Treatment
You can usually reverse mild to moderate dehydration by drinking more fluids, but severe dehydration needs immediate medical treatment. The safest approach is preventing dehydration in the first place. Keep an eye on how much fluid you lose during hot weather, illness or exercise, and drink enough liquids to replace what you've lost.

Self and home care may include:

Try to get people who are dehydrated (even those who have been vomiting) to take in fluids in the following ways:
Sipping small amounts of water
Drinking carbohydrate/electrolyte-containing drinks. Good choices are sports drinks such as Gatorade or prepared replacement solutions
Sucking on popsicles made from juices and sports drinks
Sucking on ice chips

Try to cool the person down, if there has been heat exposure or if the person has an elevated temperature, in the following ways:
Remove any excess clothing and loosen other clothing.
Air-conditioned areas are best for helping return body temperatures to normal and break the heat exposure cycle.
If air conditioning is not available, increase cooling by evaporation by placing the person near fans or in the shade, if outside. Place a wet towel around the person.
If available, use a spray bottle or misters to spray lukewarm water on exposed skin surfaces to help with cooling by evaporation.
Avoid exposing skin to excessive cold, such as ice packs or ice water. This can cause the blood vessels in the skin to constrict and will decrease rather than increase heat loss. Exposure to excessive cold can also cause shivering, which will increase body temperature the opposite effect you're trying to achieve.

Summer is a great time to enjoy the outdoors, swim and other fun activities, but with El Nino elevating the heat our bodies can absorb, let us all prevent our selves from being dehydrated. Again, drink plenty of water and avoid too much exposure to sun.

Sources:
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2016/03/10/1561522/pagasa-warns-record-breaking-heat]
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dehydration/basics/symptoms/con-20030056
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/dehydration-adults







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