Heatstroke - Signs, Firstaid, and Prevention

CAUSES/RISK FACTORS
 Hot and humid weather
 Vigorous exercise in hot weather
 Dehydration
 Too much direct exposure to the sun
 Infants
 Elderly
 Athletes
 Individuals who work outside

SIGNS
• Warm, flushed skin• Faintness• Dizziness• Weakness• Headache• Very high fever of 41°C• Rapid heartbeat• Convulsion• Unconsciousness

TREATMENT• Emergency measures:
—Move the person to a shady spot or indoor
—Have him/her lie down with legs elevated
—If able to drink liquids, have him/her sip cool water
—Remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin, & fan the person
—Apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles & groin• Heat stroke is a MEDICAL EMERGENCY!
—Bring the patient immediately to the hospital after instituting emergency measures.

PREVENTION
During very hot and humid weather:• Limit the amount of time you spend outdoors.• Drink plenty of water.• Avoid tea, coffee, soda, and alcohol.• Wear a wide-brimmed hat & long- sleeved clothing when outdoors.• Schedule heavy-duty activities for the beginning or end of the day, when it’s cooler.

Sources:

http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/heat-stroke-symptoms-and-treatment
http://www.healthpromo.doh.gov.ph/how-to-treat-and-prevent-heat-stroke/

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