First Aid for Burn

 FIRST AID FOR BURNS

FIRST DEGREE BURN: Top Layer of Skin turns red and minimal blistering occurs.
1) Cool the burn under running water until the pain subsides.

2) Cover the burn with a sterile cloth or non-adhesive bandage to prevent infection, do not apply butter or ointments, which can cause infections

3) Take an over-the-counter pain reliever if pain persists

4) Seek medical attention if you notice signs of infection, such as pain, redness, swelling, fever, or oozing liquid.

SECOND DEGREE BURN: Top & second Layer of Skin are injured. Large blisters form on the skin.

1) Imerse in cool water for 10 to 15 minutes. Do not apply ice or ointments as it may infect the burn area.

2) Cover the burn to prevent infection with a sterile cloth or non-adhesive bandage secured with gauze or tape. Do not break blisters or apply butter or ointments, which can cause infections

3) Avoid going into shock. With someone's help, lay flat, raise your feet 12 inches from the ground and elevate the burned area above your heart level, cover yourself with a coat or blanket if possible.

4) Seek medical attention at once.

THIRD DEGREE BURN: Skin is deeply burned and may appear leathery white, dark brown, or severely blackened.


1) Prepare to be rushed to the Hospital Emergency Room

2) Cover the burnt area with a sterile, non-adhesive bandage or other material that will not stick. Separate any burned fingers/toes using a sterile bandage. Do not soak burn in water or apply ointments or butter, which can cause infection.

3) Avoid going into shock. With someone'S help, lay flat, raise your feet 12 inches from the ground and elevate the burned area above your heart level, cover yourself with a coat or blanket if possible.

4) Seek emergency medical attention at your nearest hospital.


IMMEDIATELY:
... Get away from the flame / heat source to prevent further injury.

... If clothing is on fire, “Stop, Drop & Roll.” to smother the flames.

... Remove or cut any clothing, jewelry, or accessories touching the affected area

... Assess your injury and know the proper treatment for your degree of burn.


SOURCES: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bd/Burning_match.jpg ۰ http://newcastleadvertiser.co.za/59735/what-to-do-in-case-of-sustaining-burn-wounds/ ۰ http://kemiamusa.blogspot.com/2015/02/how-to-help-burn-victim.html ۰ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/575686764840635690/ ۰ http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/thermal-heat-or-fire-burns-treatment ۰ http://www.healthline.com/health/burns#Overview1


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