Migraine

Migraine

Migraines are a recurring type of headache. They cause moderate to severe pain that is described as throbbing or pulsing, often on one side of your head. Other symptoms include nausea and weakness, while others suffer sensitivity to light and sound.

Symptoms

Sensitivity to light (Photophobia)
Sensitivity to sound (Phonophobia)
Sensitivity to smell
Aura
Vision changes
Numbness, tingling sensation
Weakness
Pain on one side of the head
Throbbing Pain
Vertigo
Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
Nausea with or without vomiting
Puffy eyelid
Difficulty concentrating
Fatigue
Diarrhea – constipation
Mood changes
Food cravings
Hives
Fever
Neck pain

Causes

Stress
Anxiety
Hormonal changes in women
Bright or flashing lights
Loud noises
Strong smells
Medicines
Too much or not enough sleep
Sudden changes in weather
Overexertion
Tobacco
Caffeine or caffeine withdrawal
Skipped meals
Medication overuse (taking medicine for migraines too often)

Risk factors

Family history. You will have a higher chance of developing migraines if it runs in your family.
Age. Migraines can begin at any age, though it first often occurs during adolescence.
Sex. Women are three times more likely to develop migraines.
Hormonal changes. Women with migraines may find their headaches beginning just before or after menstruation, during pregnancy or menopause.

Prevention

Managing stress through exercise and ways to relax.
Learn what you need to avoid, such as certain foods and medicines.
Keep a consistent sleep schedule and eat regular meals.
Hormone therapy may help some women with migraines possibly linked to their menstrual cycle.
If you are overweight, losing weight may also be helpful.

Sources:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20360201
https://medlineplus.gov/migraine.html
https://migraine.com/migraine-symptoms/

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