Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

An infection in any part of the organs in your urinary system: kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Both MEN and WOMEN are susceptible, with women being at greater risk. Infection of bladder can be painful, though serious consequences can occur if UTI spreads to your kidneys.

Symptoms:
 Burning sensation while urinating.
 Frequent or intense urge to urinate, though only a small amount is released.
 Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen.
 Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strange-smelling urine.
 Feeling tired or shaky.
 Fever or chills (a possible sign of kidney infection).


Causes:
 Pregnancy (15% of women will experience UTI).
 Bladder, uterine or any other pelvic organ prolapse.
 Sexual intercourse (a possible trigger of UTI infection in many women, although the reason is unclear).
 Diaphragms and condoms with spermicidal foam as contraceptives.
 Immunosuppression with certain medications or drugs.
 Diabetes.
 Menopause with the attendant loss of estrogen.
 Abnormalities of the urinary tract, such as kidney or renal stones, which act as a focus for infection.
 Instrumentation of the urinary tract (e.g. catheterisation, cystoscopy).
 Risk Factors:
 Age (the risk of UTI in women gradually increases with age).
 Incomplete emptying of the bladder, which allows bacteria to multiply and infect.


Prevention:
 Drink plenty of liquids, especially water and cranberry juice.
 Wipe from front to back.
 Empty your bladder soon after intercourse.
 Change your birth control method.


Treatment & Remedies:
 Antibiotics. Prescriptions will depend on your condition and the type of bacteria. For a severe UTI, you may need treatment with intravenous antibiotics in a hospital.
 Drink plenty of water. Water helps to dilute your urine and flush out bacteria.
 Avoid drinks that may irritate your bladder. Avoid coffee, alcohol, and soft drinks containing citrus juices or caffeine until your infection has cleared. They can irritate your bladder and aggravate your urge to urinate.
 Use a heating pad. Apply a warm heating pad to your abdomen to minimize bladder pressure or discomfort.

Sources:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/urinary-tract-infection/symptoms-causes/syc-20353447
https://www.webmd.com/women/guide/your-guide-urinary-tract-infections#1
https://www.healthxchange.sg/women/urology/urinary-tract-infection-risk-factors-symptoms-treatment-prevention

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